A sprain or strain injury is an injury to a ligament or a muscle. You can sprain a ligament or strain a muscle. A sprain is an injury to a ligament that is caused by being stretched beyond their normal capacity and possibly torn. Ligaments are tough, fibrous tissues that attach from bone to bone across the joint. It can happen if you’re not warmed up properly or if you’re unconditioned for the sport and you can overstretch or tear the ligament, or worse case scenario, rupture a ligament. Sprains can occur at any joint but are most common in the ankle. The same thing can happen to a muscle or tendon in which the muscle fibers tear as a result of overstretching.
The most common sprain/strain injury is to the ankle. When you roll your ankle you strain muscles and you sprain ligaments in the ankle and you usually get swelling, bruising and pain. You might get some numbness or tingling depending how bad it is and you may have trouble walking on it. Initial treatment is RICE:
This is what you want to do first followed by restoring proper range of motion to the joint and rehabilitation to the muscles and ligaments. This can be accomplished with ART and chiropractic adjustments.
Typically for sprains and strains, your body is really good at healing itself so it will go away on it’s own. You’re just going to make it go away faster with treatment and build strength to the joint to prevent re-occurrence. That’s why you should get treatment for a sprain or a strain. In addition to that, if you don’t properly rehab it, you’re potentially setting yourself up to re-injure yourself a lot easier. With proper rehab to the injured joint your proprioception and balance will be maximized to prevent the injury from reoccurring.